Montessori curriculum is based on the research and findings of Dr. Maria
Montessori (1870-1952). Montessori evolved a philosophy of human
development that would later spark major educational movements and
influence child development approaches throughout the world. She used her
personal observations and her medical background to create a method that
follows a child’s physical, emotional, and mental development.
Montessori's method is structured around, and promotes, the child's natural,
self-initiated impulse to become absorbed in an environment and to learn
from it. Based on her observations, Dr. Montessori developed specific
materials, techniques, and curriculum areas that assist each child in reaching
his or her full potential.
In a Montessori classroom, students are encouraged to learn and explore at
their own pace. Each child in the class will be at a different stage of learning.
Teachers will keep track of the achievements and ensure that the students
are moving forward as they are ready. We can also incorporate many
interests your family has into the curriculum, if you will just let us know.
A child of age 2 to 6 years old is concerned with absorbing the real world
around him. The science materials present certain aspects of this world, in
such a way that the child can observe, experiment, demonstrate and record
what has been learned. The focus here is that the child learns how to be a
scientist: objective, organized, able to perform tasks in a predetermined
order, and record the results. The child learns to classify, label, and
differentiate. Science is a hands-on activity that includes biology, botany,
zoology, physical science, and technology (computers).
Mathematics in the Montessori classroom can be separated into a few major
categories: beginning counting, advanced counting, the decimal system,
rational numbers (fractions), and the operations of addition, multiplication,
subtraction, and division. Concepts are presented in a very concrete way so
that children 3-6 are not only able to count, but skip count, square numbers,
cube numbers, and work with numbers in the thousands. Once the child has
a firm foundation in the operations of addition, multiplication, subtraction
and division, the child can begin to grasp more complicated, abstract
Montessori language curriculum is an integrated approach that combines
phonetics and whole language. The child is first introduced to letters and
sounds. After several sounds are mastered, he or she can begin to encode
(spell) and decode (read) words by linking these sounds together. Words that
do not follow the patterns or rules of the English language are presented as
sight words. Once the child has gained confidence with language skills, he or
she can use it to enhance studies in other areas of the classroom. Language
is taught through a variety of multi-sensory activities: visual, auditory, tactile,
The topic of Culture Studies integrates and emphasizes a region or
population's geography, history, music, art, etc. The children study different
areas of the world, and experience concrete examples of that area's language,
literature, dress, food, artwork, and music, both past and present. This
increasingly important area introduces the child to our planet's great diversity
The Practical Life section lays the foundation for all other work to be done
in the classroom. The activities are everyday tasks that a child needs to learn
to master the care of self and care of the environment. Such activities
include pouring, sweeping, and tying, as well as grace and courtesy. The
activities are presented to the child in such a way that concentration,
coordination, independence, and order are developed.
The goal of the Montessori Sensorial section is to educate the child's senses.
This curriculum area contains Montessori-specific materials that help the
child refine his or her experience of sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell. In
addition, the materials of this section are modeled on scientifically-based
concepts, such as metric system dimensions or algebraic formulas. Sensory
experiences with materials such as these are the child's first step toward
understanding the abstract concepts they represent.
Students will have many opportunities for enrichment outside the typical
classroom environment. These will come in the forms of computers,
physical education instruction, art instruction, drama instruction, and many
"The teacher's task
is no small or easy
one! He has to
prepare a huge
knowledge to satisfy
the child's mental
hunger, and he is
not, like the
limited by a
~Dr. Maria Montessori
|Students have access to
Montessori computer work,
preparing them for the
technologies of today and
|The bead cabinet aids students in
counting, squaring, cubing and
|The movable alphabet allows
students to put together the letter
sounds they hear to form words.
|The student above working on
buttoning -- a practical daily
application. The students below
are scrubbing a table clean.
|The pink tower aids students in
understanding size and balance.
"Our aim is not only to make the child understand, and still less to
force him to memorize, but so to touch his imagination as to enthuse
him to his innermost core."
~ Dr. Maria Montessori
|Montessori map puzzles aid
students in learning geography.
|Jane's Montessori Academy